In this project I am working with various information sources about World War I to produce some data visualizations that will better allow students to understand military statistics and assess the impact of the war. I will mostly be using Google chart tools and Tableau Public to create the visualizations.
A data visualiation is just what it sounds like. You take a set of data, statistics and you create a visual based on that data. The visualaiztion can be a simpel chart or line graph, or it cabe be something far more complicated like a Metro map or the Napoleon in Russia visual. The visualiazation helps you better to see any pattern in the data.
For example, some of the statistics that I will be working with include:
- Civilian and military casualty figures (These are still subject to widespread disagreement.) for the major combatant countries: U.S., France, United Kingdom, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Ottoman Empire.)
- Deaths in battle and deaths from non-battle illness and disease
- Casualties outside of the Western and Eastern fronts in Europe
- Casualties in proportion to the country's prewar population, the prewar male population, and the number of men mobilized
- I'll also be looking at some other statistics like Poison gas use, Tons of shells fired/produced, Military equipment produced, Financial costs of the war
- Another digital history tool that I will use to help students better view the overall progress of the war on the Western Front is an ArcGis Online (www.arcgis.com/home/index.html) story map.
- to work with selected material costs and casualty data, and in particular to put that data in different relational contexts: for example, casualties in proportion to men mobilized, in proportion to prewar population, in proportion to prewar male population, etc.
- propose to use selected data visualization apps, such as Visualizing.org (www.visualizing.org/),
What about POWs in the war? What happened to them? How were the Germans and AH able to take care of that many Russian POWs? Did they go back to Russia after the war?
While apparently exact figures, best to consider as close approximations especially for length “batttlez” or eastern front. and to get to figures, this is far more compliocated, because you see all different kinds of stats. Casulaties includes, al woudned, Even seemingly accurate figures for wartime time should so many contradictory figures, no absolute figure.
Not going to do too many individual battles, because stats are hard to do accurately , and we're looking qat the big picture impact of the war
- Pre-1914 Male Population Aged 15-24 in Selected Countries
- The Armies of World War I (shows the mobilization strength of armies before 1914 and in 1914) It is coommon to find figures for hw many men were mobilied in an army during the duration of the war, but that figure does not correspond to the actual tropp streght of the army at any single time during the war. So, for example, while France might have mobilized 5 million men, in four year sof war, there were casulaties, nd so the ctual strength of the army tended to decline over time. Bu soe countries, lie th U.S, the sizeof the army frew continously.
- Size of the U.S. Army, 1914-1920 and Size of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in France (These are different.)
- Casualties (killed-in-action) These are the "official figures."
- Casualties (prisoners-of-war)
- Casualties (wounded)
- Casualties (total)
- Total mobilized in aeach country during the war, for example, according to Huber, page 89, France 8.5 million servedin the army
- Huber page 91 alson indcates that size of arm n 1st august was 850,000; and that mobilization through August 16th led to 2.944 million more
- Huber, pages 93-94, shows that french classes 1887-1919 called to arms during the war, there were 9.697 million men, of whcih 7.808 served (80.5%). The class of 1917 with 317, 000 saw 94.4% serve 297,000
- Huber page 105, indicates that 15 August total mobilez = 3.781 million of whcih army of the north east was 2.689 million (notice how the ize of the french army of the northeast did not change much during the war) Grand-quartier général des armées du nord et du nord-est.
- Size of amy mobilized, or percentage of male population mobilized
- Size of army in 1914 as a percent of country's maie population
- Percentage of 1910 male population that were casualties
- Country Total Population Stats
- How about a line chart that shows growing number of casualties over the course of the war (years x axis) number casualties (y axis)--could have a line for each country if I can find that data.
- Casualties year by year on the western front. This would just be France, Great Britain, Germany, Belgium and then the U.S.
- Each visualization should have an explanation.
- Birth rates of European Countries before 1914 (two views)
- One important number is steel production in the countries during the war as that gives an important insight into resoruces and the ability of the country to sustain the war effort. (and the importance of the United States to that war effort).
- Steel Production in Countries during World War I